How to get rid of dark spots on your skin


How to get rid of dark spots on your skin

 How to get rid of dark spots on your skin

If the pigment melanin is negatively influenced by certain factors in the skin, dark spots appear as a result. We show which treatments and products help and how best to take care of them.

What causes discoloration on the skin and how can you get rid of these dark spots? We clarify!

The ideal image of well-groomed skin is a clear, even skin tone. But over the years, unsightly dark spots often develop, which literally stain the appearance. Pigment spots are also known as hyperpigmentation or pigmentation disorders and are usually harmless discolorations of the skin. They appear in different forms and arise for a wide variety of reasons.

The reasons for dark spots

The most common cause is UV radiation. Sunlight (yes, even in the cold season) activates the production of the pigment melanin in the skin's melanocytes, which reaches the surrounding skin cells. There it lies protectively over the cell nucleus and absorbs harmful UV rays. 

In interaction with other factors - such as hormonal changes, injuries, inflammation of the skin, or the use of certain medications (antibiotics, St. John's wort) - this light-induced pigmentation can be disturbed. As a result, irregular dark spots appear on the skin, which intensifies when exposed to the sun.

Dark spots: prevention instead of aftercare

You can prevent dark spots with simple tricks. The most important thing is sun protection because it is part of the daily skincare routine not only in summer but all year round. Even when the sky is cloudy or when there is less sunlight in the winter months, UV rays can penetrate the skin and leave permanent damage. 

A diet rich in antioxidants is also a good way to combat skin spots. This builds up a protective shield from the inside, which fends off external environmental influences. So it pays to get enough vitamins C and E. Packed in a particularly tasty way, they are put in strawberries, kiwis, tomatoes, and pomegranates. And if you prefer it sourer, you can opt for the lemon. 

Getting rid of dark spots - this really helps

Can dark spots be removed? The answer is very clear: yes! In addition to the right active ingredients in care products, there are also effective treatments available from dermatologists. Before tackling the spots on the skin, the depth of hyperpigmentation should be carefully analyzed, because the right treatment depends on it.

In most cases, age or sun spots can be reduced with cosmetic skincare products. Active ingredients that specifically inhibit the formation of melanin and gently lighten it with a dark spot are suitable here. Visible results can often only be seen after a few weeks - so you should be patient for this. For stubborn age spots, it is advisable to see a dermatologist. We show which active ingredients and treatments at the dermatologist really help to remove pigment spots: 

The top 3 active ingredients for treating dark spots

Azelaic acid

This active ingredient directly inhibits the enzyme responsible for the formation of melanin and slowly fades the pigment disorders. The affected areas of the skin should be treated with it twice a day. It is important to always apply a high level of sun protection in combination with azelaic acid before going into the sun.

vitamin C

Vitamin C is known to lighten the skin and is considered a protective shield against oxidative stress - so the perfect ingredient to fight age spots on the face. Vitamin C (ascorbic acid), however, is not suitable for daily care because it is too acidic and irritating. Here, too, a high level of sun protection is recommended when using it.


Niacinamide is a vitamin B3 derivative. Numerous studies have shown that the water-soluble substance has a positive effect on the skin when used regularly. Niacinamide is also known to inhibit the synthesis of melanin and make dark spots on the skin and pimple marks disappear. In this way, the power vitamin ensures an even complexion.

Effective methods at the dermatologist

Chemical peels

Chemical peels in higher concentrations are the most popular way to treat pigmentation disorders. With the help of AHA (alpha-hydroxy acids) or BHA (beta hydroxy acid) acids, the outer layer of the epidermis is peeled off - this stimulates the formation of new skin cells and brightens dark spots. 

The complexion appears much more even after one treatment. After a chemical peel, it is very important to properly care for the skin. In addition, direct sunlight should be avoided and wearing sun protection is compulsory. This allows the skin to regenerate itself optimally. Ideally, the peeling should be carried out in the winter months.


With micro-needling, the skin is treated with very fine needles. They penetrate the top layer of skin to stimulate certain skin receptors to heal wounds. Because the skin is then particularly receptive, substances have been introduced that work against pigmentation and lighten the spots. This method is useful for large-scale color shifts.

Laser therapies

This method is particularly suitable for deeper-lying hyperpigmentation. The laser device is set up so that it can target the color pigments that cause the stains. The surface of the skin is not damaged by lasers. The laser beam precisely destroys the pigment accumulations, which are subsequently removed by the immune cells. How often the laser therapy has to be repeated depends on the thickness of the skin.

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